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Support, help, advice & information for Multiple Sclerosis. Ask questions & share experiences with people affected by MS.

Symptoms and Diagnosis

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Diagnosing Multiple Sclerosis

by Marina
A comprehensive description of what's involved in diagnosing MS.

What are the symptoms of Multiple Sclerosis?

by Marina
The central nervous system (CNS) controls much of the body's functioning and much of this activity passes through the white matter at some poin...

Balance Disorders

by Marina
What is a balance disorder? A balance disorder is a condition that makes you feel unsteady or dizzy. If you are standing, sitting, or lying down, y...

Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (BPPV)

by Marina
In Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (BPPV) dizziness is generally thought to be due to debris which has collected within a part of the inner ear.

Brain Explorer - Map

by Marina
Click on the little icon next to the names of each part of the brain to see where they are.

Brain Function and Map

by Marina
The brain has many parts including the cerebral cortex, brain stem, and cerebellum. By listing some of the functions of each part of the brain, we...

Cystitis and Overactive Bladder Foundation

by Marina
The Cystitis and Overactive Bladder Foundation provides information and support to sufferers of bladder problems, including Interstitial Cystitis,...

Dizziness and Multiple Sclerosis

by Marina
While many persons with dizziness are very anxious about having MS, practically it is very uncommon to diagnose MS in a person with vertigo or unst...

Emotional Changes

by Marina
In addition to its physical symptoms, MS may have profound emotional consequences.

Emotional Lability and Emotionalism

by Marina
Some people with multiple sclerosis may find that they laugh or cry with minimal provocation or at inappropriate times. This is because MS lesions...

Fatigue - Understanding its Unique Role in MS

by Marina
Understanding the Unique Role Of Fatigue In MS by: J. Lamar Freed, Psy.D. Every introductory article on Multiple Sclerosis (MS) that I've rea...

L'Hermitte's Sign

by Marina
L'Hermitte's sign describes electrical buzzing sensations in the limbs and body brought on by movement of the neck.

MRI - Description of Lesions in MRI

by Marina
A detailed description and explanation of lesions seen in MRIs for MS. See also: http://www.medhelp.org/posts/Multiple-Sclerosis/MRIs--Lesions---Sy...

MRI Claustrophobia

by Marina
A discussion on claustrophobia when in an MRI with useful links.

MS Hug or Girdle

by Marina
Multiple Sclerosis pain can be felt in strange places. One of the weirdest pain-related symptoms is the MS "hug" or girdle-band sensation.

MS Slideshow

by Marina
A slideshow in Flash (so not viewable on iPads/iPhones) describing MS and symptoms. You'll need to change the language to English using a butto...


by Marina
An Interactive Online Guide to the Neurologic Examination with Video Demonstrations.

NeuroLogic Examination Videos and Descriptions

by Marina
The "Neurologic Exam Videos And Descriptions: An Anatomical Approach" uses over 250 video demonstrations with narrative descriptions in an...

Neurological Exam - Precise

by Marina
This module will instruct medical students and post graduate trainees on how to perform a thorough neurological examination. It stresses examinatio...

Optic Neuritis

by Marina
Optic Neuritis (ON) is an inflammation, with accompanying demyelination, of the Optic Nerve (Cranial Nerve II) serving the retina of the eye. It is...

Spasticity and Multiple Sclerosis

by Marina
What is spasticity? What are the clinical signs and symptoms? What increases spasticity? Who should be screened for spasticity? How do you grade sp...


by Marina
Aside from the stress that arises in daily life for everyone, MS creates its own emotionally taxing predicaments, not the least of which is dealing...

The McDonald Criteria

by Marina
2010 Revision of McDonald Diagnostic Criteria. See also: http://www.mstrust.org.uk/atoz/mcdonald.jsp

Trigeminal Neuralgia - Atypical

by Marina
Atypical Trigeminal Neuralgia (ATN), or Type 2 Trigeminal Neuralgia, is a rare form of Trigeminal neuralgia, a disorder of the fifth cranial nerve....

Trigeminal Neuralgia - Complete Guide

by Marina
Superb descriptions with images of TN and the different types of TN.

Trigeminal Neuralgia - Diagnostic Questionnaire (PDF)

by Marina
Here at OHSU's Department of Neurological Surgery we have developed a helpful questionnaire for the diagnosis and treatment of patients sufferi...

Types of Migraines and Headaches

by Marina
There are many different kinds of Migraines, headaches, and other head pain disorders. Learn the basics of each type, and how they are commonly tr...

Videos - Various symptoms

by Marina
Babinski (extensor toe) sign Chaddock's sign and Babinski Sign Intention tremor in hands Nystagmus

Visually Evoked Response - VER or VEP

by Marina
The Visually Evoked Response test, also known as the Visually Evoked Potential test, is a test for Optic Neuritis or other demyelinating events alo...

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